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MUSIC

20 ஆண்டுகால பண் ஆராய்ச்சியும் அதன் முடிவுகளின் தொகுப்பும் 1949 - 1969
20 Āṇṭukāla paṇ ārāycciyum ataṉ muṭivukaḷiṉ tokuppum 1949 - 1969
இசையியல் 1948
Isaieyal 1948
இசை இலக்கணம்
Isai Ilakanam
இசைத் தமிழ்
Isaith tamil
இசைக் கருவிகள்
ISAI KARUVIGAL
பாணர் கைவழி யாழ் நூல்
PAANAR KAIVAZHI YAZH NOOL
சிலப்பதிகாரத்து இசை தமிழ்
Silappathikaarathtu Isai Thamizh
ஆரியருடைய சங்கீத சாஸ்திரத்தின் சரித்திர சங்கிரகம்
Āriyaruṭaiya caṅkīta cāstirattiṉ carittira caṅkirakam
கருணாமிர்த சாகரம்
Karunamirthasakaram
தமிழ் இசையியல் புதிய கண்டுபிடிப்புகள்
Tamiḻ isaiyiyal putiya kaṇṭupiṭippukaḷ
புதிய இராகங்கள்
Putiya irāgaṅkaḷ
மிருதங்க சங்கீத சாஸ்திரம் 1989
Mirutaṅka saṅkīta sāstiram 1989
யாழ் நூல்
Yaazh nool
Indian Music

Music has always been an important part of Indian life. The range of musical phenomenon in India extends from simple melodies to what is one of the most well- developed "systems" of classical music in the world. There are references to various string and wind instruments, as well as several kinds of drums and cymbals, in the Vedas. Some date the advent of the system of classical Indian music to Amir Khusro. Muslim rulers and noblemen freely extended their patronage to music. In the courts of the Mughal emperors, music is said to have flourished, and the Tansen was one of the jewels of Akbar's court.

The great poet-saints who chose to communicate in the vernacular tongues brought forth a great upheaval in north India and the Bhakti or devotional movements they led gained many adherents. The lyrics of Surdas, Tulsidas, and most particularly Kabir and Mirabai continue to be immensely popular. By the sixteenth century, the division between North Indian (Hindustani) and South Indian (Carnatic) music was also being more sharply delineated. Classical music, both Hindustani and Carnatic, may be either instrumental or vocal.

Hindustani Gharanas

There is a rich tradition of Gharanas in classical Hindustani music. The music Gharanas are also called styles. These schools or Gharanas have their basis in the traditional mode of musical training and education. Every Gharana has its own distinct features.

Hindustani School

Hindustani classical music is an Indian classical music tradition. It originated in North India around 13th and 14th centuries. In contrast to Carnatic music, the other main Indian classical music tradition from South India, the Hindustani classical music was not only influenced by ancient Hindu musical traditions and Vedic philosophy but also by the Persian elements.

Music Glossary

Achal Swaras are the fixed swaras of the seven musical notes. Sa and Pa are the achal swaras of the Indian classical music. The term Arohi, also known as Arohana and Aroh, is used to define the ascending melody in music.

Indian Music Instruments

Sitar is of the most popular music instruments of North India. The Sitar has a long neck with twenty metal frets and six to seven main cords. Below the frets of Sitar are thirteen sympathetic strings which are tuned to the notes of the Raga. A gourd, which acts as a resonator for the strings is at the lower end of the neck of the Sitar.

Carnatic Music

Carnatic music or Carnatic sangeet is the south Indian classical music. Carnatic music has a rich history and tradition and is one of the gems of world music. Carnatic Sangeet has developed in the south Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.

Indian Film Music

One of the most popular Indian music forms is the Filmi music. Tamil film industry, popularly known as Kollywood, along with Indian regional film industries, produces thousands of films a year, most of which are musicals and feature elaborate song and dance numbers.

Indian Fusion Music

Fusion is not a very old trend in Indian music. Fusion trend is said to have begun with Ali Akbar Khan's 1955 performance in the United States. Indian fusion music came into being with rock and roll fusions with Indian music in the 1960s and 1970s

Ghazals

Ghazal is a common and popular form of music in Indian and Pakistan. Strictly speaking, it is not a musical form at all but a poetic recitation. However, today it is commonly conceived of as an Urdu song whose prime importance is given to the lyrics. Ghazal traces its roots in classical Arabic poetry.

Folk Music

India is a land of cultural diversities. Every region in India has its own form of folk music. This rich tradition of folk music is very much alive in not just rural India, but also in some metros. Though one may say that music has acquired a totally different definition with the arrival of pop culture and new age cinema, there are many who would beg to differ.

Shayari

Shayari or rhyming poetry basically comprises of a couplet known as Sher. This is the way that this unique and beautiful form of poetry derives the name Sher O Shayari. Most of the forms of Shayari are found in the Urdu language. However, one may find Shero Shayari in Hindi, Punjabi, etc.

Indian Classical Music Instruments List

TANPURA

SHENNAI

VEENA

TABLA

PAKHWAJ

BANSURI

SAROD

SITAR

HARMONIUM

SARANGI